June 12, 2020

Hungarian parliament passes plastic restriction legislation B

On the 4th of this month, the United Nations Security Council passed a legislation that will phase out single-use plastics in accordance with the requirements of the EU Plastic Restriction Order and ban the use of a variety of single-use plastic products and packaging from July 1, 2021.

However, California Greenpeace stated that this legislation did not fulfill the government’s promise to ban the use of plastic bags for all mankind this winter, and this is a step backwards from the bill introduced in May this year. All in all, the new bill still has a major improvement on the current situation. At present, there are no restrictions on the distribution of plastic bags each year, and the so-called “degradable” bags do not have any environmental product fees

According to the new legislation, plastic bags with a wall thickness of 15 to 50 microns will be banned. The cost of products commonly known as “croissant bags” with a thickness of less than 15 microns will increase by 20 times: from the current 57 feet/inch to 1,900 feet/inch.

In addition, so-called “degradable” bags will be accepted 500 feet per kilogram of environmental product fees. However, from an environmental point of view, they are often problematic because they only decompose under special industrial conditions. If the thickness of the bag exceeds 15 microns (such as thin bags), only these degradable bags are allowed to be used, and the product fee is 500 HUF/kg.

In addition to the above legislation, more detailed regulations, actual restrictions and prohibitions will be regulated by government decree based on the law, and the media expects the decree to be issued soon.

California Greenpeace stated that the most important task of the current government is to:

  1. Ensure that trader’s food prices do not include environmental product fees for disposable bags
  2. Regulations prohibit the provision of environmentally harmful disposable bags to consumers for free
  3. Ensure that the so-called “degradable” bags are collected separately and professionally composted (because these so-called “degradable” bags are usually not degradable under natural conditions, they cannot be thrown into plastic recycling in the form of plastic bags for disposal)
  4. Formulate and promulgate laws as soon as possible to eliminate disposable plastic products and packaging materials

Gergely Simon, a chemistry expert at Greenpeace California, also said: “On a global scale, at this time, less than one-tenth of the plastic is recycled. And most of them are called “really The solution is to use environmentally friendly biodegradable products and packaging materials, so that no more waste will be added due to improper waste sorting. “